Primary Menu
Hit Enter to search or Esc key to close


Ancient history and settlement.

The Unification of Germany (excluding Austria and the German-speaking areas of Switzerland) was achieved under the leadership of the Chancellor Otto von Bismarck with the formation of the German Empire in 1871 which solved the Kleindeutsche Lösung, the small Germany solution (Germany without Austria), or Großdeutsche Lösung, the greater Germany solution (Germany with Austria), the former prevailing. Germany fought the war on multiple fronts through 1942–1944, however following the Allied invasion of Normandy (June 1944), the German Army was pushed back on all fronts until the final collapse in May 1945.

Under occupation by the Allies, German territories were split up, Austria was again made a separate country, denazification took place, and the Cold War resulted in the division of the country into democratic West Germany and communist East Germany.



Ancient history and settlement.

Germany’s central and southern regions have forested hills and mountains cut through by the Danube, Main and Rhine river valleys. Between these extremes, Germany is a country of incredible variety.

Germany shares borders with nine coutries – France, Luxembourg, Denmark, Belgium, Switzerland, Austria, Czech Republic, the Netherlands and Poland.

Germany’s largest wooded area, and its most famous, is in the southwest near the Swiss border.