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History

Ancient history and settlement.

According to legend Singapore was founded centuries ago when a prince from Sumatra landed on the island and saw a lion. In fact the name Singapura was not recorded until the 16th century and Singapore was really only a trading post with a small population not a city.

Modern Singapore was founded in 1819 by Sir Stamford Raffles (1781-1826). By 1870 the population of Singapore had risen to 100,000.

Many grand buildings were erected in Singapore in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The Sakya Muni Buddha Gaya Temple was built in 1927.

When the Suez canal was built in 1869 Singapore became even more important as a ‘gateway’ between Europe and eastern Asia.

Geography

Ancient history and settlement.

Singapore is a small, heavily urbanised, island city-state in Southeast Asia, located at the end of the Malayan Peninsula between Malaysia and Indonesia. Singapore has a total land area of 721.5 square kilometres (278.6 sq mi).

The Singapore area comprises mainland and other islands. The mainland of Singapore measures 50 kilometres (31 mi) from east to west and 27 kilometres (17 mi) from north to south with 193 kilometres (120 mi) of coastline. These figures are based on 2.515 metres (8 ft 3.0 in) High Water Mark cadastral survey boundaries.

Singapore is separated from Indonesia by the Singapore Strait and from Malaysia by the Straits of Johor.

Map

Singapore Tours

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